Myopia is an eye condition that usually begins in childhood, and it becomes worse over time. There are several treatment options for myopia control. The treatments slow down or stop the progression of the disease.
Eye specialists choose the best option for the patient based on the patient’s prescription, age, lifestyle, and overall needs. In some cases, combining treatment options produces the best results. The specialist will monitor any changes over time to determine the effectiveness of the treatment.
It is necessary to find out the best options for myopia control.
Orthokeratology or ortho-k is a myopia management treatment that involves the use of special contact lenses that are worn overnight. During corneal re-shaping, the lenses exert gentle pressure on the eye cornea as the patient sleeps.
This results in a temporary change of the outer layer, an effect that lasts all day. The patient removes the lenses in the morning, going all day without wearing eyeglasses or contacts. The dramatic effects are welcome for people who live an active lifestyle as they are freed from lenses all day.
Studies have shown that soft contact lenses can be very effective in controlling high myopia. The specially designed lenses help create multiple focal points on the eye retina. The lenses work on the theory that if the peripheral retina receives more hyperopic correction, it will reduce eye growth.
The lenses work much like ortho-k lenses in their ability to slow myopia progression. Lenses with a center-distance design are most effective. The lenses are worn just like regular contacts, and they help slow myopia progression.
Another option for myopia control is atropine. The medication is available in ointment or eye drop form, and studies have shown its ability to reduce myopia progression. The application of the atropine treatment should happen daily for as long as the myopia progression continues.
Atropine dilates the eye pupil, changing the eye’s focusing ability. The treatment is not a cure, but it helps control myopia for many patients. In many cases, atropine is used alongside lenses to enhance myopia control. There are different brands of atropine for myopia control.
In some cases, wearing multifocal glasses can help children with myopia. The treatment is effective for children who have esophoria, an eye-muscle positioning. Wearing different prescriptions for near and distance vision has proven effective for myopia control.
Children often use eyeglass lenses. Parents who feel that their children are too young for contacts or eyedrops tend to be more comfortable with this option.
Eye specialists recommend the best treatment for myopia control depends on different factors. It is vital to understand that some forms of treatment will work better on some patients than on others. The patient's age will determine the treatment that will work effectively.
Contact lenses may not be convenient for very young kids. Atropine may be easy to administer, but it is also the most invasive option. There have been some reports of mental toxicity due to atropine use.
To find out the best options for myopia control, call Abraham Eye Associates at our office in Villanova, Pennsylvania. You can call (484) 209-0800 today to schedule an appointment.